Saturday, 22 Jun 2024

How to Password Protect Google Sheets

This guide will teach you how to password protect Google Sheets to secure your sensitive business data.

Google Sheets doesn’t currently offer a native password protection feature, but there are workarounds for securing your spreadsheet.

In this guide, we’ll show you how to set a password for your Google spreadsheet, along with other methods to secure your data.

How to Password Protect Your Google Sheets Files

Google Sheets does not come with built-in password functionality. But you can set up password protection for your Google spreadsheet by using a pre-designed spreadsheet template.

The template contains Apps Script code that adds password functionality to the spreadsheet. You can copy the spreadsheet and use it for your own purposes while still maintaining the password feature.

Here’s how to do it:

  1. First, navigate to this pre-designed Google Sheets template.
  2. Then create a copy of the template by clicking File on the top menu and selecting Make a copy.

Make a copy

  1. On your newly copied file, go to the Extensions tab on the top menu and click Apps Script.

Apps Script

  1. You will see the code that adds password functionality to the spreadsheet. You can also create a new spreadsheet and copy this code into the Apps Script interface to implement password functionality.

Apps Script Code

  1. Now return to the spreadsheet and go to the Protect file option on the top menu. Select Initialize from the drop-down list.

Protect File

  1. Click Continue to authorize the prompt.


  1. You’ll be asked to connect your Google account to complete the authorization. Follow the additional prompt to do so.

Connect Account

  1. After completing the authorization, go to the Protect File option on the menu and click Encrypt File. You’ll see a field to create your password. Type in your password and click OK.

Encrypt File

Consider these tips when creating your password to encrypt your Google Sheets files:

  • Ensure all the passwords you create are not similar to your previous or existing passwords.
  • Make your passwords longer yet memorable.
  • Avoid including common words or personal information in your passwords, such as your birth date.
  • Use a combination of alphanumeric characters in your password to make it less crackable.
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At some point, you may wish to change the password to revoke access for specific users. To change your encrypted file’s password, go to the Protect file tab and select Change password.

Change Password

Type in your old password and the new one that will replace it. Then click Submit.


Your spreadsheet is now encrypted with this password. No one will be able to access your data without the password.

Decrypt Password Protected Google Sheets

You can also easily decrypt your spreadsheet (i.e., remove the password). Click the Protect file menu on the main menu and select Decrypt File.

Decrypt File

Google Sheets will ask you to type in the password you set.

Type Password

After clicking Submit, users can now access, read, and edit the spreadsheet without requiring the password.

Additional Measures to Protect Your Google Sheets Files

Passwords aren’t the only way to protect your Google spreadsheet. Here are some additional methods that can keep your data secure.

1. Warning for Editing Cells

Google Sheets allows you to keep other users from editing specific cells in a spreadsheet. Here’s how to do it:

  • Click the Data tab on the top menu and select Protect sheets and ranges.

Protect Sheets and Ranges

  • Select +Add a sheet or range on the Protected sheets and ranges sidebar.

Add a sheet or range

  • Set the range or sheet you want to protect (in this example, the deals sheet). You can also specify the cells to exclude from protection.

Specify Range

  • Press the Set permissions button. This opens the Range editing permissions pop-up window. Select Show a warning when editing this range and click Done.

Set Permissions

  • Select the Range tab in the Protected sheets & ranges sidebar to protect a range instead of the entire sheet. Specify the range and set your preferred permissions accordingly.

Range Protection

  • You can also restrict users who can edit your specified range.

Restrict Users

  • To remove the protection you’ve set, return to the Protected sheets & ranges sidebar menu. Select the protected sheet or range you want to remove. Then click the trash icon.
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Remove Protection

2. Convert Google Sheet to Excel Workbook

A simple way to password protect your Google sheet is to turn it into an Excel workbook. Excel offers a simple and built-in encryption protocol and provides an easy way to export Google Sheets to Excel.

  • First, download your Google sheet in XLSX format.
  • Click File on the top menu, hover your mouse over Download, and select Microsoft Excel (.xlsx) to directly download the Google spreadsheet as an Excel file.

Download Excel

  • Once downloaded, open the file in Microsoft Excel.

Open in Excel

  • Navigate to File on the Excel menu. Then, click Info > Protect Workbook. Click Encrypt with Password from the drop-down list.

Protect Workbook

  • Type in the password you want to use and click OK.

Set Password

Make sure you remember your password! You can’t recover or reset your password if you forget or lose it.

3. Hide a Sheet

Another way to secure sensitive data on Google Sheets is to hide specific sheets within your spreadsheet.

  • Right-click on the sheet you want to hide at the bottom of the Google Sheets screen. Then click Hide Sheet.

Hide Sheet

  • From here, you can set the sharing settings to allow selected users to read and comment on the sheet but not have editing capabilities.

  • Other users can’t unhide the page you hid. Also, you’ll need to unhide the page to edit it, at which point, the data will be visible to any user in the sheet.

4. Configure Data Validation

Google Sheets empowers you to engage in data validation by disallowing changes that don’t meet certain criteria. You can set values, such as text, lists, numbers, or dates, that the cell must contain to prevent cells from being edited.

  • To set up data validation, select the cell or range you want to validate.

Select Cell

  • Next, click the Data tab on the top menu and select Data validation.

Data Validation

  • You can choose whether to show a warning or to reject the input when the criteria is not met. You can also select the Show validation help text option.
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Validation Help Text

Protect Your Google Sheets Data Now

Adding password protection to your Google Sheets introduces an extra layer of security to your sensitive or confidential data. It gives you more control over who can access and edit your spreadsheet.

You can also implement additional measures to secure your data in Google Sheets, including hiding a sheet, setting up notifications, and more. And now you can import real-time data into your spreadsheet with Coefficient, and protect it using Google Sheets’ built-in security measures.

Try Coefficient for free to harness secure real-time data in your spreadsheet.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can I password protect my Google Sheets files without using a template?

A: Currently, Google Sheets does not provide native password protection functionality. However, you can use the template mentioned in this guide to add password protection to your Google Sheets files.

Q: Can I change the password for my encrypted Google Sheets file?

A: Yes, you can change the password for your encrypted Google Sheets file. Simply go to the “Protect file” tab and select “Change password”. Follow the prompts to enter your current password and set a new one.

Q: How can I remove the password from my encrypted Google Sheets file?

A: To remove the password from your encrypted Google Sheets file, go to the “Protect file” menu and select “Decrypt File”. Enter the password you set, and the file will be decrypted, allowing users to access and edit it without the password.


Password protecting your Google Sheets is essential for safeguarding your sensitive business data. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can add an extra layer of security to your spreadsheets and prevent unauthorized access.

In addition to password protection, you can also explore other measures such as warning for editing cells, converting to Excel, hiding sheets, and configuring data validation to further secure your Google Sheets files.

Remember to use strong, unique passwords and regularly update them to enhance your data security. With the right protective measures in place, you can confidently store and share your data within Google Sheets.